The Cultural Heritage of El Hierro
The island of El Hierro and its people. A synergy that gives rise to a culture rich in traditions, folklore and celebrations that you should experience first-hand. History and the passage of time have defined the identity of El Hierro, leaving an ancient culture heritage that has been passed down from generation to generation right up to modern day.
Many traditions are based on the relationship the people of El Hierro have with nature. Los Carneros de Tigaday (La Frontera)—a tradition that has been declared of Cultural Interest—is one of the most peculiar on El Hierro and takes place during carnival. The continuance of this tradition is thanks to Benito Padrón, a citizen who made sure to teach it to the youngest islanders after the civil war. They stroll through the town, wearing sheepskins, scaring people and covering them in shoe polish.
Contrasts characterise El Hierro, both on a scenic and a cultural level. In one single place, you can experience peace and calm that is suddenly interrupted by festivities and traditions such as the Bajada de la Virgen de los Reyes (Descent of the Virgin of Kings), the island's most important festivity. It has been held every four years since 1741, when there was a great drought, and it involves carrying a statue of the island's patron saint from the shrine in La Dehesa to Valverde. Other towns and villages such as El Pinar, Valverde and La Restinga also hold dances and evening events in summer.