THE ISLAND

Nature


The variety of landscapes on El Hierro surprises any visitor who is new to the Island. This island only measures 30 kilometres from one end to the other, but offers a broad ranging diversity of scenery and landscapes. The seabeds reveal the beauties produced by a complex system of underwater volcano systems. The coastline is constantly ravaged by the ocean beating against the black basalt rock. The Island is realtively young geologically but its steep cliffs give it a dramatic profile all of its own. The wild juniper trees, petrified beauty, bravely face the wind that crashes against hills and slopes. The laurel forest is permanently green and offers the only humidity that there is on an island with a long history of thirst. The higher reaches offer pine trees that survive, despite the poor minerals in the soil.  The variety of micro-climates produced by the heights and orientation of the island give rise to a surprising diversity of habitats in this small island that emerged out of the sea. There are 2,963 wild species, the most famous of which is the Giant Lizard of El Hierro. The flora is equally spectacular on the island, with 119 autochtonous plants. There are rare plants like the Cheirolophus duranii and the carchfly, Silene sabinosae, the population of which has been reduced to one sole cliff reduct and that are now subject to re-introduction. And, of course, we should not overlook the magnificent seabeds, that have been the object of preservation and are enormously rich and bountiful. The underwater gardens and fauna, including the rarely seen Cuvier beaked whale, make El Hierro  all of a pardaise for scuba-diving, thanks to the enormous environmental protection that has been applied to the underwater treasures. Come on. What are you waiting for? Enjoy our varied nature, our lizards and wild junipers, the famous micro-climates. Relax in the wide-open areas of La Llanía and El Sabinar, where there are no ther sounds to distract you than the rustle of the breeze, the birdsong or the scampering of rabbits.